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8 Observable Universe (ELitU)

Scientists Discover 'Force Field' Surrounding Earth — Nov 27, 2014

Source [1]

A team of experts from MIT, the University of Colorado and elsewhere discovered the invisible shield approximately 7,200 miles above the Earth. The barrier blocks dangerous ultrarelativistic electrons from bombarding the planet by allowing them to get no closer than 11,000 kilometers from the Earth’s surface.

Quasars separated by billions of miles appear linked — Nov 20, 2014

Source [2] THERE’S something odd about black holes. Not only do they twist the laws of physics into infinity, they’ve now been discovered to be eerily aligned. Or at least it seems so. The science isn’t fully “in”. But what we have is highly tantalising. And nobody knows why. Fresh data gathered by the Very Large Telescope (VLT) indicates there is an unusual alignment between enormous interstellar objects called quasars. Does this mean there is an underlying structure on a cosmic scale?

Leaky Galaxy Mimics First Light in Early Universe — Oct 9, 2014

Source [3]

A densely packed star-forming galaxy is reproducing the events that brought light to the early universe. The nearby compact galaxy named J0921+4509, which is rapidly producing stars, has many of the characteristics that would have been required to light up the early universe. Located approximately 3 billion light-years from the Milky Way, the star-forming regions of the tightly bound galaxy are surrounded by dense clouds of gas. Holes in the gas allow radiation to leak out, mimicking events that would have broken through the darkness that followed the birth of the universe.

Electromagnetic force hasn't changed in 10 billion years — Sept 23, 2014

Source [4]

If the electromagnetic force was changing, scientists would need to develop a new understanding of physics. However, the data from all three telescopes confirmed that electromagnetism hasn't changed, within a few parts per million, over 10 billion years.

Earth's Water Came from Interstellar Space Ice - September 25, 2014

Source [5]

“Our findings show that a significant fraction of our solar system’s water, the most fundamental ingredient to fostering life, is older than the Sun, which indicates that abundant, organic-rich interstellar ices should probably be found in all young planetary systems,” Alexander said.

Cosmic Inflation Theory Disproved September 25, 2014

Source [6]

Scientists discover that data they collected earlier this year from the new BICEP2 telescope located at the South Pole disproves the theory of Cosmic Inflation. CI posits a multiverse, infinite parallel universes existing at the same time. Instead some now believe a universe likely existed prior to the 'Big Bang.'

New cosmic map shows Milky Way part of immense supercluster of galaxies - September 3, 2014

Source [7]

Astrophysicists using computer simulations show the evolution of the universe like never before. Simulations model the large scale changes in the structure of the universe over 13.5 billion years. The computer model that performs these animations Illustris used 8,000+ computers over a period of six months to render the video at the link. The designers incorporated physical models along with Hubble images to create a remarkable visualization.

Scientists at CERN discover new class of subatomic particles, exotic hadrons - April 9, 2014


Historically there are only two types of hadron — baryons, which consist of three quarks, and mesons, which consist of two quarks. Now, LHCb is reporting that it’s discovered a third kind of hadron… the exotic hadron.

Australians discover oldest star - February 10, 2014


A team led by astronomers at The Australian National University has discovered the oldest known star in the Universe, which formed shortly after the Big Bang 13.7 billion years ago. The discovery has allowed astronomers for the first time to study the chemistry of the first stars, giving scientists a clearer idea of what the Universe was like in its infancy. "This is the first time that we've been able to unambiguously say that we've found the chemical fingerprint of a first star," said lead researcher, Dr Stefan Keller of the ANU Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics.

Cosmic 'web' seen for first time - January 20, 2014

Source [10].
The nature of gravity is that all masses are growing in space. It is an underlying energy in the cosmos that causes this. JE
- Gravity acting across vast distances does not seem to explain what astronomers see.
- Galaxies, for example, should fly apart; some other mass must be there holding them together. - Astrophysicists have thus postulated "dark matter" - invisible to us but clearly acting on galactic scales.
- At the greatest distances, the Universe's expansion is accelerating - Thus we have also "dark energy" which acts to drive the expansion, in opposition to gravity. - The current theory holds that 68% of the Universe is dark energy, 27% is dark matter, and just 5% the kind of matter we know well.

Astrophysicists create the first accurate map of the universe: It’s very flat, and probably infinite - January 9, 2014

Source [11].
I'm quite sure that the universe isn't infinite, simply because time and space are creations of God for this cosmos.
Also, i wonder whether the conclusion that the universe is flat has to do with the fact that the map was measured out from one point in space. In the past people thought that the earth was flat because they measured out from one point. JE (talk) 02:25, 13 January 2014 (PST)--
At this point you’re probably wondering what we can do with a 99%-accurate map of the nearby universe (yes, this isn’t a map of the entire universe — 1.2 million galaxies is just a tiny sliver). Will it be used by NASA to plot its first intergalactic mission? No (but it’s nice to dream). A highly accurate galactic ruler and map is useful for one main reason: It tells us a lot about how the universe actually functions. If you have an accurate galactic ruler, it then becomes fairly easy to work out whether the universe is flat or curved, and whether the universe is static, expanding, or contracting. [Research paper: arXiv:1312.4877 - "The clustering of galaxies in the SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: Baryon Acoustic Oscillations in the Data Release 10 and 11 galaxy samples"]

Scientists discover group of 'hypervelocity' stars — January 13, 2014

Source [12]

  • These sun-size stars are thought to be moving at over a million mph
  • 18 hypervelocity stars found previously originated from the galaxy's centre
  • But none of the new hypervelocity stars found come from the galactic core
  • Scientists now hope to uncover what their ejection mechanism could be

Astronomers spot black holes merging — Dec 3, 2013

Source [13]

Black hole mergers are a rare event to observe and only a few candidates have been found. Some black hole merger candidates have been identified, but this example is the most distant discovered to date. There’s only one way this extreme cosmic dance will end — both black holes will eventually spiral together, losing energy and momentum to gravitational waves rippling from their spacetime warping, collide and merge to form an even bigger black hole.

Oddballs: The strange worlds beyond our Solar System — Dec 24, 2012

Source [14]

Over the last two decades, astronomers have catalogued around 850 planets outside our Solar System. And the search for worlds orbiting other stars is turning up some weird and wonderful characters.


  1. Scientists Discover Impenetrable Star Trek-Like ‘Force Field’ Surrounding EarthBy Chuck Bednar | RedOrbit | Nov 27, 2014
  2. Scientists detect an eerie alignment of black holes, suggesting an underlying Dark Matter filament to the universeby Jamie Seidel | News Corp Australia | Nov 20, 2014
  3. Leaky Galaxy Mimics First Light in Early Universe — By Nola Taylor Redd | | Oct 9, 2014
  4. It's okay: electromagnetic force hasn't changed in 10 billion years — By Stuart Gary | ABC Science | September 23, 2014
  5. Earth's Water is Older than the Sun — By Carnegie Institution for Science, Washington, D.C. | Astronomy Magazine | September 25, 2014
  6. Cosmic inflation is dead, long live cosmic inflation — By Michael Slezak | New Scientist | 25 September 2014
  7. New Galactic Supercluster Map Shows Milky Way's 'Heavenly' Home — By Charles Q. Choi | | September 3, 2014
  8. Large Hadron Collider discovers a new type of matter: Exotic hadrons — By Sebastian Anthony | | April 9, 2014
  9. Australians discover oldest star — By the Australian National University | | February 10, 2014
  10. Cosmic 'web' seen for first time — By Simon Redfern | BBC News | January 20, 2014
  11. Astrophysicists create the first accurate map of the universe — By Sebastian Anthony | | January 9, 2014
  12. Scientists discover group of 'hypervelocity' stars travelling so fast they could escape the Milky Way's gravitational clutches — By Ellie Zolfagharifard | Daily Mail Online | January 13, 2014
  13. Merging Black Holes Trapped in Galactic Death Spiral — By Ian O'Neill | Discovery News | Dec 3, 2014
  14. Oddballs: The strange worlds beyond our Solar System — By BBC News | Dec 24, 2012