Research page:United Nations

Research pages(37 P)

Outline historical development

  • Kant - The concept of a peaceful community of nations had been proposed as far back as 1795, when Immanuel Kant's Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch outlined the idea of a league of nations to control conflict and promote peace between states. Kant argued for the establishment of a peaceful world community, not in a sense of a global government, but in the hope that each state would declare itself a free state that respects its citizens and welcomes foreign visitors as fellow rational beings, thus promoting peaceful society worldwide.[1]
  • After 1815, Concert of Europe - After the Napoleonic wars, European powers established the Concert of Europe.[2] This was the balance of power that existed in Europe from 1815 to the outbreak of World War I (1914), albeit with major alterations after the revolutions of 1848. It was a kind of European federation. The so-called eight Great Powers of Europe held several conferences to discuss international law and to protect the national boundaries as established in 1815.
  • 1889 - Inter-Parliamentary Union - Formed by peace activists William Randal Cremer and Frédéric Passy. Of the 24 countries that had parliaments, a third served as members of the IPU by 1914. Its aims were to encourage governments to solve international disputes by peaceful means. Annual conferences were held.[3] Today the national parliaments of 157 countries are members of the IPU.
  • 1919–1946 - League of Nations - United States President Woodrow Wilson promoted the idea of the League as a means of avoiding any repetition of the bloodshed of the First World War. Its primary goals included preventing wars through collective security and disarmament, and settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration. The League lacked its own armed force and depended on the Great Powers to enforce its resolutions. The League ultimately proved incapable of preventing aggression by the Axis powers in the 1930s. Germany withdrew from the League, as did Japan, Italy, Spain and others. The onset of the Second World War showed that the League had failed its primary purpose, which was to prevent any future world war.[4]
  • 1945 - Founding of United Nations - Franklin D. Roosevelt first coined the term 'United Nations' as a term to describe the Allied countries of World War II. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions. Its stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace.[5] In the United States, an early opponent of the UN was the John Birch Society[6], which began a "get US out of the UN" campaign in 1959, charging that the UN's aim was to establish a "One World Government."
  • Abel UN - Sun Myung Moon and the Unification Movement (UM) had maintained a mission at the UN since the early 1970s. In the 1990s several UM-related groups began to gain status within the UN (IRFF, IRF, WFWP, IIFWP, UPF). In August 2000, IIFWP convened “Assembly 2000”, a major meeting held just prior to the UN’s Millennium Summit and Millennium General Assembly. Under the theme, “Renewing the United Nations and Building a Culture of Peace.” Assembly 2000 “was attended by dignitaries from over 100 nations. Rev. Moon gave the keynote address of Assembly 2000 and made three proposals. The establishment of “a religious assembly, or council of religious representatives within the structure of the United Nations.” The creation of “peace zones in areas of conflict … governed directly by the United Nations” with a special emphasis on North and South Korea. And an official commemorative day to uphold the ideal of the family … Specifically … that True Parents' Day be established as a day of global celebration.”[7]

Critique at United Nations

  • John Birch Society
  • Christian groups that see the UC as an Anti-Christ organization
  • Groups warning against global-control political developments.
  • During the cold war Rev. Moon has warned the UN had “become a forum for the propaganda of the communist countries, thereby losing its original function.” The UM expected that the conclusion of the cold war, which it regarded as World War III, would usher in an era of human, even messianic fulfillment. When, however, conflicts continued to be intractable or even genocidal, when the UN remained politicized or even paralyzed in the face of atrocities, the UM concluded that the United Nations, at least in its present state, was not equal to the task of building or maintaining world peace.[8]


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