The dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is a species of the Asteraceae family. The small flowers in this family are greatly reduced and combined into a flower head. Dandelions are very common in all parts of the north temperate zone, in pastures, meadows and on waste ground. In April, they can color entire fields yellow.
Dandelion is a rich source of vitamins A, B complex, C, and D, as well as minerals such as iron, potassium, and zinc. Dandelion leaves and flowers are used to add flavor to salads, sandwiches, and teas.
The dandelion has several culinary uses. The flowers are used to make dandelion wine, the greens are used in salads, the roots have been used to make a coffee-like drink and the plant was used by Native Americans as a food and medicine. The leaves (called dandelion greens) can be eaten cooked or raw in various forms, such as in soup or salad. They are probably closest in character to mustard greens. Usually the young leaves and unopened buds are eaten raw in salads, while older leaves are cooked. Raw leaves have a slightly bitter taste. Dandelion salad is often accompanied with hard boiled eggs. The leaves are high in vitamin A, vitamin C and iron, carrying more iron and calcium than spinach. Dandelion flowers can be used to make dandelion wine, for which there are many recipes.
Dandelion root coffee
- You can use the roots to make a coffee-like drink. Dandelion Root coffee, wilderness survival, native American coffee
Find some dandelion wine recipes here.
A decoction of the fresh roots is used to treat arthritis.
Dandelion leaves have been used as a diuretic, to increase the amount of urine the body produces in order to get rid of excess fluid.
Dandelion root is used to detoxify the liver and gallbladder. Dandelion leaves support the kidneys function.
Dandelion is also used as a mild appetite stimulant and to improve upset stomach. The root acts as a mild laxative.
- Taraxacum officinale - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen- pub dom.jpg