History of Christianity 5 - Christian monasticism
- This article is part of a series Divine Principle - History of restoration
Summary: Christian monasticism began with hermits in the deserts of Egypt in the third century. They followed Old-Testament models such as Elijah and John the Baptist and the Nazirites. Later Christian monks and nuns lived in orders and/or lived according to rules for daily life. For Orthodox Christianity, St Anthony the Great is still the earliest inspiration. Roman Catholic monasteries and orders mostly follow the Rule of St. Benedict.
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